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Work Over



The federal overtime provisions are contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Unless exempt, employees covered by the Act must receive overtime pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek at a rate not less than time and one-half their regular rates of pay. There is no limit in the Act on the number of hours employees aged 16 and older may work in any workweek. The FLSA does not require overtime pay for work on Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, or regular days of rest, unless overtime is worked on such days.




work over



The term workover is used to refer to any kind of oil well intervention involving invasive techniques, such as wireline, coiled tubing or snubbing. More specifically, a workover refers to the expensive process of pulling and replacing completion or production hardware in order to extend the life of the well.[1]


Workovers rank among the most complex, difficult and expensive types of wellwork.[according to whom?] They are only performed if the completion of a well is terminally unsuitable for the job at hand. The production tubing may have become damaged due to operational factors like corrosion to the point where well integrity is threatened. Downhole components such as tubing, retrievable downhole safety valves, or electrical submersible pumps may have malfunctioned, needing replacement.


In other circumstances, the reason for a workover may not be that the completion itself is in a bad condition, but that changing reservoir conditions make the former completion unsuitable. For example, a high productivity well may have been completed with 5" tubing to allow high flow rates because a narrower tubing would have unnecessarily choked the flow, but declining productivity could lead to stable flow being unsupportable through such a wide bore.


Before any workover, the well must first be killed. Since workovers are long planned in advance, there would be much time to plan the well kill and so the reverse circulation would be common. The intense nature of this operation often requires no less than the capabilities of a drilling rig.


The workover begins by killing the well then removing the wellhead and possibly the flow line, then installing a B.O.P commonly known as a blowout preventer, then lifting the tubing hanger from the casing head, thus beginning to pull the completion out of the well. The string will almost always be fixed in place by at least one production packer. If the packer is retrievable it can be released easily enough and pulled out with the completion string. If it is permanent, then it is common to cut the tubing just above it and pull out the upper portion of the string. If necessary, the packer and the tubing left in hole can be milled out, though more commonly, the new completion will make use of it by setting a new packer just above it and running new tubing down to the top of the old.


The process of performing major maintenance or remedial treatments on an oil or gas well. In many cases, workover implies the removal and replacement of the production tubing string after the well has been killed and a workover rig has been placed on location. Through-tubing workover operations, using coiled tubing, snubbing or slickline equipment, are routinely conducted to complete treatments or well service activities that avoid a full workover where the tubing is removed. This operation saves considerable time and expense.


Young adults from low-income families appear to be lured away from school by rising wages and the need to support their families through hard times, Shapiro explained. With nationwide labor shortages, hourly pay for the average worker was up 4.6 percent in September 2021 compared to a year earlier. Restaurants and retailers, from Starbucks to Costco, are boosting starting wages to $15 and more an hour.


The Hechinger Report provides in-depth, fact-based, unbiased reporting on education that is free to all readers. But that doesn't mean it's free to produce. Our work keeps educators and the public informed about pressing issues at schools and on campuses throughout the country. We tell the whole story, even when the details are inconvenient. Help us keep doing that.


At The Hechinger Report, we publish thoughtful letters from readers that contribute to the ongoing discussion about the education topics we cover. Please read our guidelines for more information. We will not consider letters that do not contain a full name and valid email address. You may submit news tips or ideas here without a full name, but not letters.


We thank Jacob Bastian, Francine Blau, George Borjas, Wolter Hassink, Philipp Kircher, Lea-Rachel Kosnik, Peter Kuhn, Kyungtae Lee, Lester Lusher, Kusum Mundra, Stephen Trejo, Wim Vijverberg, David Weil, and participants in seminars at several universities for helpful comments; IPUMS University of Minnesota for the ATUS data; the Centre for Time Use Research for the Dutch time-use data, and Jagriti Tanwar for clarifying their characteristics; the Data Archiving and Network Service of the Netherlands for the OSA data; Alexander Bick and Adam Blandin for the RPS data; Florian Griese and Jürgen Schupp for information from the GSOEP, and the staff of the Korean Labor Institute for the KLIPS data. Joe Pinsker spurred our initial interest in this subject. No funding was received in support of this project. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.


Whillans recognizes that performance-based incentives are integral to many workplaces and can be effective in motivating employees. But with research showing that many employees are working even longer and harder than usual during the pandemic, managers should be mindful of the psychological toll that extra hours on the job may have, she says. And since socializing with family and friends has shown to increase happiness, employers should proactively find ways to help employees restore a healthier work-life balance, Whillans says.


Aims: Left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) help identify heart failure (HF) patients who are at risk for adverse outcomes. This study aimed to determine whether global myocardial work (GMW), derived from non-invasive LV pressure-strain loops, can provide incremental prognostic information over EF and GLS in patients with HF and reduced EF (HFrEF).


Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), is a technology that allows you to make voice calls using a broadband Internet connection instead of a regular (or analog) phone line. Some VoIP services may only allow you to call other people using the same service, but others may allow you to call anyone who has a telephone number - including local, long distance, mobile, and international numbers. Also, while some VoIP services only work over your computer or a special VoIP phone, other services allow you to use a traditional phone connected to a VoIP adapter.


VoIP services convert your voice into a digital signal that travels over the Internet. If you are calling a regular phone number, the signal is converted to a regular telephone signal before it reaches the destination. VoIP can allow you to make a call directly from a computer, a special VoIP phone, or a traditional phone connected to a special adapter. In addition, wireless "hot spots" in locations such as airports, parks, and cafes allow you to connect to the Internet and may enable you to use VoIP service wirelessly.


A broadband (high speed Internet) connection is required. This can be through a cable modem, or high speed services such as DSL or a local area network. A computer, adaptor, or specialized phone is required. Some VoIP services only work over your computer or a special VoIP phone, while other services allow you to use a traditional phone connected to a VoIP adapter. If you use your computer, you will need some software and an inexpensive microphone. Special VoIP phones plug directly into your broadband connection and operate largely like a traditional telephone. If you use a telephone with a VoIP adapter, you'll be able to dial just as you always have, and the service provider may also provide a dial tone.


In June 2005 the FCC imposed 911 obligations on providers of interconnected VoIP services VoIP services that allow users generally to make calls to and receive calls from the regular telephone network. You should know, however, that 911 calls using VoIP are handled differently than 911 calls using your regular telephone service. Please see our consumer fact sheet on VoIP and 911 services for complete information on these differences.


Ageing of the population is likely to threaten the ability of states to finance welfare states and social protection systems in the future. A viable solution is to increase employment rates and to lengthen working life. To achieve this dual goal requires devising new solutions for working conditiRead more


Studies also show that having a busy lifestyle, rather than a leisurely one, has become a sort of aspirational status symbol. (The busier you are, the higher your status.) But while being busy may make you feel good in the present, overwork can have long-term negative effects on your life and relationships.


Even if you love the work you do, a greedy job that leaves you no time for friends, family, hobbies, or other non-work activities is bound to burn you out. But given all the reasons you may choose work over rest, how can you start to create the work-life balance you need?


Requirements can be scheduled across multiple days and weeks. Dispatchers can schedule multi-day work in between existing bookings, by double-booking existing schedules, or as a continuous block of time.


This scenario schedules a requirement without a related work order. To schedule a multi-day work order with the schedule assistant, you'll need to manually add a related requirement with an allocation method to a schedulable entity and delete or disregard the automatically created ones. Alternatively, you can manually create requirement detail records with Specify Pattern for the auto-created requirement. The requirement needs an allocation method set before saving and the requirements that are automatically created by schedulable entities have an allocation method of None by default. 041b061a72


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